The Federal Government
The federal government has the power "to make laws for the peace, order and good government of Canada" except for subjects where the provinces are given exclusive powers.
Among the many exclusive powers of the federal government are:
- regulation of trade and commerce
- the post office
- the census
- national defence
- employment insurance
- money and banking
- criminal law
- foreign policy
According to the Constitution Act, 1867, everything not mentioned as belonging to the provincial governments comes under the power of the federal government.